Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells by damaging their DNA.
A patient may receive radiation therapy before, during, or after surgery, depending on the type of cancer being treated. Some patients receive radiation therapy alone, and some receive radiation therapy in combination with chemotherapy.For this reason high technology and computer assisted devices are used for effective treatment
All the patients do not need to have radiation therapy. Patients are first evaluated by our specialists and then it is decided if they should get radiation therapy depending on the type and the progress of the diesease and other treatments the patient might be having. The type of the radiation therapy, its length and dose is also determined by our specialist doctor.
The first step of the radiotherapy is the detailed clinical check up. The tumor or the suspected area is first determined and the treatment is performed by simulation method. Simulation is done by conventional Simulator. With Patients who are going to receive simple area treatment, conventional Simulator, for complex area treatment CT or PET CT Simulator devices are used. Images that come through CT are transferred into computerised treatment planning system and the area which is going to be treated are marked by our specialist doctors. Radiation therapy physician is the person who is in charge of the dose of the treatment and also of the general maintenance of the radiaotherapy devices. Physician and the specialist doctor work together to determine the right dose and the best treatment plan with the help of a 3-D computer system. With the help of computerised planning system it is possible to perform 3-D conformal radiation therapy, intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arch therapy (VMAT).
Elekta Access Linear Accelator Device is a device with its accelarating treatment technology. It is commonly used in IMRT, IGRT, GAMA-KNIFE-SRT/SRS treatment methods. It is a very high prestige device installed in our hospital first time ever in Turkey.
Access technology can be used in the treatment of all cancer types. Its high technology enables us to take a tomography (cone beam computerised tomography) of the location of the tumor, before the start of the treatment. It also enables us to screen the progress of the tissues which makes it possible to reduce the side effects in the healthy cells. Elekta provides a high chance of recovery, reducing the side effects at the same time.
Başkent University Hospital is the first center ever in Turkey, to start using Monaco Treatment Planning System. It uses Monte Carlo Dose Calculation System which is recognised as the best and most realistic possible planning system.
TREATMENT METHODS PERFORMED AT BAŞKENT UNIVERSITY RADIATION ONCOLOGY DEPARTMENT
IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy)
IGRT (Image guided radiation therapy)
VMAT (Volumetric Modulated Arch Therapy)
SBRT (Stereo tactic Radiation Therapy)
3B-KRT (3-D Conformal Radiation Therapy)
3D-HDR (3-D High Dose Rate Brachy Therapy)
HDR (High Dose Rate Brachy Therapy)
TBI (Total Body Irradiation)